The nurse manager does not directly care for patients but follows the progress of unusual or long-term patients. On each shift a nurse assumes the role of resource nurse. This person oversees the hour-by-hour functioning of the unit as a whole, such as considering expected admissions and discharges of patients, ascertaining that beds are available for patients in the operating room, and covering sick calls.
Resource nurses also take a patient assignment. They are the most experienced of all the staff nurses. The nurse clinician has a separate job description and provides for quality of care by orienting new staff, developing unit policies, and providing direct support where needed, such as assisting in emergency situations.
The clinical nurse specialist in this unit is mostly involved with formal teaching in orienting new staff. The nurse manager, nurse clinician, and clinical nurse specialist are the designated experts.
They do not take patient assignments. The resource nurse is seen as both a caregiver and a resource to other caregivers. Staff nurses have a hierarchy of seniority. Staff nurses are assigned to patients to provide all their nursing care. Critical care nurses have a hierarchy of roles. The nurse manager hires and fires nurses. In case you used our services but do not have an account yet, please choose ' I am a new customer ' option on the order page.
Thank you for understanding! Please, enter email address. Rewriting or paraphrasing is done for a variety of different reasons from improving something that was poorly written originally through to modifying it so that it can be used elsewhere with no issues with plagiarism.
Paraphrasing is the process through which you will reword something that has already been said or written using only your own totally original words. It results in text that is going to be of a similar length to the original piece and will repeat all of the points raised unlike summarizing which only repeats the main points and reduces the length considerably. Paraphrasing Summarizing Editing Proofreading Writing. Please accept our Terms. Your message has been successfully sent!
We will get back to you soon. Remember me next time. Whether you summarise or paraphrase, you will still need to include a reference citing the source of the ideas you have referred to. A process for paraphrasing and summarising. Many students find the following process useful for summarising and paraphrasing information. Read the text carefully — you may need to read the text several times, and check the meaning of terms you do not understand in a dictionary.
Identify and underline the key words and main ideas in the text, and write these ideas down. Consider these points as a whole and your purpose for using this information in relation to the structure of your assignment.
You may be able to group the ideas under your own headings, and arrange them in a different sequence to the original text. Think about the attitude of the author, i. Think about appropriate reporting verbs you could use to describe this attitude.
Think of words or phrases which mean roughly the same as those in the original text. Remember, if the key words are specialised vocabulary for the subject, they do not need to be changed.
Using your notes from the above steps, draft your summary or paraphrase. When you have finished your draft reread the original text and compare it to your paraphrase or summary. You can then check that you have retained the meaning and attitude of the original text. To paraphrase a text, you can use a variety of techniques, such as synonymous words, synonymous word forms, or synonymous phrases.
For example, compare the two sentences below: Scanners convert analog data into digital information. Paraphrased sentence The conversion of an image such as a graphic by a scanner occurs… Re-ordering main ideas Another way of paraphrasing is to change the order of the main ideas in a sentence. One way of doing this is to change the active voice to passive voice or the passive voice to active voice.
The active voice focuses on who or what is affected by a process or event, whilst the passive voice focuses on the event or process. For further information on the use of active and passive voice see the grammar tutorial. It is useful when the author uses difficult-to-understand language and structure, when you want to focus on a different element of the passage or when your audiences are different for example, the author wrote an academic paper, and you are a newspaper reporter.
Change the wording of a passage using synonyms. A thesaurus can prove quite useful for this task. You can also change subjunctive mood to indicative. Paraphrasing correctly can prevent plagiarizing. Although you have reworded the original, you must use in-text citations, parentheses containing the source of the information, in the required format. Paraphrasing may involve changes in vocabulary, length, parts of speech and sentence structure.
Synonym Replacement At its simplest level, paraphrasing involves replacing original wording with synonyms. Another method of paraphrasing involves changing clauses to phrases. But since the powerful drug debuted in , it has become increasingly known for a dangerous side effect — the potential for serious addiction.
With the Modern Language Association MLA in-text citation, this paraphrasing avoids any trace of plagiarism by combining multiple forms of paraphrasing. Print this article Teaching students to paraphrase takes time and practice.
Paraphrasing is an essential skill for students to obtain. Without paraphrasing, students are at risk for plagiarism. It is important to lay the ground work for successful instruction of paraphrasing through explanation of key concepts, modeling and practice of the skill. Summaries contain main ideas, some supporting details and are in chronological order, yet shorter in length.
Retelling is orally sharing information, while recalling important information from the text. It is shorter in length because you abbreviate the information. Remind students that although paraphrased material is not in quotes, one must credit the original source.
Explain that making small changes in wording, rearranging the original quote or failing to cite the source is plagiarism. Begin small by introducing paraphrasing with sentences instead of lengthy paragraphs.
Ensure students understand information stated in each sentence. Model the concept of paraphrasing to students. Show students what good paraphrasing looks like. Give examples based on appropriate change in words and structure. Prepare examples and have students explain their reasoning on whether the paraphrasing is correct or not. Provide students the opportunity to orally paraphrase sentences in their own words.
Instant feedback guides students toward correct paraphrasing. Independent practice then evaluates student progress and growth. Last edited by Allen Brizee on August 7, This resource contains the practice exercise on paraphrasing and summarizing to help you learn how to apply the guidelines in this section to your own writing. The first four are not adequate, but the last one is.
Look at each of the four inappropriate attempts, and decide what exactly makes each inappropriate. The popularity of Wikipedia makes it important that users learn to use the online collaborative encyclopedia as a starting point for their research rather than as the final word, says a Purdue University communications expert.
Matei, an assistant professor in the Department of Communication. The popularity of Wikipedia makes it important that users learn to use the online collaborative encyclopedia as a starting point for their research. Matei, an assistant professor in the Department of Communication Morris.
Wikipedia is popular, which makes it vital that users learn to use the online collaborative encyclopedia as a beginning point for their research. Matei also says that penalties are unlikely to be effective Morris. Version 5 is correct. Here the student combined her own paraphrasing with a quotation of striking language of the original text.
She made certain her words and those taken directly from the source fit together; she quoted accurately and cited her source. Some of the information is consolidated, and the specific kinds of penalties given by teachers—a minor detail—are left out. Last edited by Allen Brizee on November 5, This resource contains the answers for the ESL exercises on paraphrasing and summarizing.
Paraphrasing and Summarizing The popularity of Wikipedia makes it important that users learn to use the online collaborative encyclopedia as a starting point for their research rather than as the final word, says a Purdue University communications expert. This version would be considered blatant plagiarism. The text is excerpted almost word for word without using quotation marks appropriately, without giving credit to the original author.
Credit is given to the original author Morris , but quotation marks are still not used, and the language still closely resembles the original writing. The quotation is essentially accurate, quotation marks are used, and Morris is given credit.
The smaller problem is the lack of ellipses.
Use Paraphrasing Tool to paraphrase or rewrite full length essays and articles or to find new ways to express simple phrases, sentences or single words. Whether your goal is to remix textual content for a website, term paper, business document, email or tweet, Paraphrasing Tool will do the trick.
Welcome to Paraphrase Online Paraphrasing Tool - The Best Free Article, Sentence and Paragraph Rephrasing Software! If you want to change your new article or essay, then there is no problem. Paraphrasing or article rewriting can be tricky, even with the help of an article rewriter. Yes, you heard that right.
Paraphrase Plagiarism Checker Paraphrasing is an approach to create new form of text that conveys the same meaning as the original text, but is not an exact copy of the . Learn how our expert services can “paraphrase my essay” quickly and effectively to provide accurate perfectly rewritten text.
This paraphrase is a patchwork composed of pieces in the original author’s language (in red) and pieces in the student-writer’s words, all rearranged into a new pattern, but with none of the borrowed pieces in quotation marks. Paraphrasing and summarizing are very similar. Both involve taking ideas, words or phrases from a source and crafting them into new sentences within your writing.