Abortion is the termination of pregnancy. It is the removal of the foetus before it is viable. It is usually done before the foetus gets to 25 weeks old. It is either spontaneous or induced abortion. Abortion refers to the induced type Malcolm page In developed countries, abortion is legal whereas most developing countries do not encourage and permit abortion. This brings about the differences in safe and unsafe abortions.
Abortion accounts for over 70, maternal deaths worldwide. Abortion has a long history. In the past, it was done using crude tools such as sharpened tools, physical trauma and other traditional methods.
With advancement in the field of medicine, contemporary methods are now used and involve the use of medication and surgical procedures Nada page Each country in the world has different legality, cultural and religious statuses and prevalence of abortion. The ethical principles towards abortion and removal of pregnancies also vary. Countries such as the United States of America and Britain have heated politics surrounding the issue of abortion in pro-life and pro-choice campaigns Ted page These are based on the argument that for one group, it should be legalized and for the other, abortion should not.
Most governments in the developed countries have legalized abortion. Many developing and underdeveloped countries have not legalized abortion and have no control over what is done by the medical personnel. Abortion and childbirth complications have been the leading causes of maternal deaths the world over. With the advent of the 21st century, maternal deaths have declined. This has been attributed to education on family planning as well as the use of contraceptives.
Discussion Induced abortion A third of pregnancies occurring in the world today are unintended. A fifth of these pregnancies end up in induced abortion. Induced abortion is the forceful removal of the foetus from the womb of the mother.
The gestation age of the foetus is the determining factor of what procedures could be used to conduct the abortion. The procedure is also limited by the legality of abortion in that country, doctor patient preference and the regional availability of such services.
Induced abortion is either therapeutic or elective. Therapeutic abortion is done by medical personnel in an effort to save the lives of patients. Patients suffering from such things as illnesses, multiple pregnancies and complications could have this procedure done on them to avoid having complications at childbirth that may lead to loss of life World health organisation page Elective abortion is done at the request of the woman. This is usually done for non-medical reasons.
Spontaneous It is commonly referred to as miscarriages. They usually occur before the 20th and 24th week. Many pregnancies are usually lost before doctors are aware of the presence of an embryo in the uterus. Spontaneous abortion is caused by chromosomal abnormalities, vascular diseases, diabetes, infections, uterus abnormalities and trauma among others Isabel page The most frequent causes of spontaneous abortion are age and a history of spontaneous abortions.
Accidents and trauma have also been linked with the high rates of miscarriages among women. Causes of abortion Abortion is caused by a myriad of factors among them social, religious and economic factors. Children and pregnancy are seen as a hindrance to a lot of fun and pleasure. One would easily remove the pregnancy in pursuit of this pleasure. The society accepts this circumstance and even encourages it by allowing governments to legalize abortion. The lack for respect for life is a religious factor towards promoting abortion.
People no longer appreciate new life forms. One would not think twice before doing an abortion. Raging debates have come up suggesting that a foetus is not a life form until it is born. Economic issues including poverty and insufficient funding have promoted abortion. Many young mothers have opted to do an abortion citing the inability to take care of the child once it is born.
Usually such young girls do not have an income to support themselves leave the unborn child. Stigma has contributed a lot in ensuring that abortion becomes a common thing. Girls who get pregnant while still very young get criticism especially in the developing countries. In most cultures, such a thing was unheard of. It was unheard of for one to get a child outside marriage. If one would have such a child, she would be excommunicated. Developing countries have not fully come out of this and girls who get pregnant whilst young are looked upon as ill-mannered individuals.
Rape has been a big reason why people abort their children. When rape has occurred, and one does not intend to keep the pregnancy, she would choose not to keep the baby. The experience of being raped is too big a burden that the evidence of such an ordeal in the form of a child would not be acceptable.
Many girls would quickly abort to rid themselves of this psychological trauma. Young girls have a better chance at furthering their education once they get rid of the child. In African countries for instance, a young girl getting pregnant meant that she would have to be married off immediately.
This would ruin her chances of ever getting formal education again. Getting rid of the baby provides an easier way out in the quest for education and a brighter future.
Methods used in abortion There are two main methods used during abortions i. The abortion pill is used for pregnancies up to nine weeks old. A combination of two drugs is taken. They are taken within 48 hours. The effect of the drugs is that the womb contracts and sheds its lining. The process is painful. This pain is experienced on the lower abdomen. It may cause diarrhea and vomiting. Surgical removal can be done when the foetus is at 13 to 14 weeks.
A sterile tube is inserted through the cervix and into the uterus. Suction is done pulling out all the materials in the uterus. The woman may leave the hospital the same day after the procedure has been done.
At 14 and 15 weeks, surgical dilation is done using forceps to remove the unwanted foetus. Complications of abortion The most common is bleeding. Bleeding occurs normally for a few weeks. It decreases as one nears weeks 5 and 6. In cases of excessive bleeding, there are chances that the uterus may not have been emptied completely. This disease affects the vaginal area. The vagina produces an unpleasant vaginal discharge.
The body temperature of the individual rises, and she experiences severe abdominal pains. Inflammation may happen in the womb due to emptying problems Shirleen page It may be caused because the womb had not been completely emptied. This would require that a new evacuation be done for the woman.
Pain is a normal problem for the abortion process. It is often relieved by using painkillers. The attitude towards abortion has always been and still is very controversial.
It has, however, changed throughout the history of humanity: On the other hand, he majority of men were against abortion as they felt they were entitled to have a baby. There are a few references to abortion in an Old Testament, where a fetus was perceived rather than an object, not a living being. In other words, there was a law, that if a person causes a miscarriage, he must be punished for that.
There are no references to this topic in the New Testament. Later on, abortion in the western world was not considered a crime if done before a certain period, usually before weeks. It was a common practice in the colonial America, but was usually kept in secret, as sexual activity before marriage was disapproved by the society. The Abortion Act of in England fully legalized abortion, but under certain conditions.
It states that a doctor has the right to perform an abortion if other two doctors agree that this is done for the sake of the woman. For example, doctors are sure that giving birth to a child will cause physical or mental harm to a woman.
Still, there are lots of debates concerning whether abortion should be legalized or not. The cons of abortion usually include the following facts: On the other hand, there are facts that prove that abortion is legal and should be done in certain cases: There will probably never be a clear answer to whether abortion should be legal or not, whether it is morally right, or if it is the biggest crime a person can commit.
You can read about sample research paper on Abortion at our blog or order a custom research paper online, written by highly qualified academic writers from scratch. Abortion is a crime. Even if it is a fetus, it is still a process of killing someone who deserves to live. Abortion can often lead to serious complications, injury to the uterus or cervix if done by unskilled doctor, or serious infection.
You can read about sample research paper on Abortion at our blog or order a custom research paper online, written by highly qualified academic writers from scratch.
The introduction is the beginning of the research paper and your chance to inspire and encourage the reader to continue with the paper. If your introduction lacks in flare and creativity then you are not going to be able to get the reader to continue reading.
Free Sample Research Paper on Abortion. By Lauren Bradshaw. October 27, Sample Research Papers. Our professional research paper writers can help with writing research papers on any Abortion topics. Prices start at $10/page only. Research Paper Introduction on Abortion. April [tags: Abortion Essays Research Papers] Good Essays words | ( pages) | Preview. Abortion Is Murder - The topic of abortion is an extremely controversial issue in today's society, there are many separate views on the morality of it. Abortion is defined as the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy (“Abortion”).
To write a good introduction for abortion research paper, you have to provide the readers with clues to what the paper is going to be about. Stay close to the point and keep the introduction short. As your topic is controversial, make it clear what position you take on the matter. The topic covered in this research paper is abortion. This paper looks into the history of abortion, the pro-life view of abortion and the pro-choice view of abortion. Introduction Conceiving a baby through a planned pregnancy can take many years, or it can take one meaningless night of excessive drinking and unprotected sex resulting in an.