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January 27, 2011

❶Generally the combination of both the in-body citation and the bibliographic entry constitutes what is commonly thought of as a citation whereas bibliographic entries by themselves are not.

Ways of Using Citation

MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics
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All of these studies are so-called randomized controlled trials, which are the gold standard of scientific experiments in humans. The biggest of the studies included 135 overweight individuals, which were split into two groups (7): Treatment group: 1 gram of Garcinia Cambogia Extract, 3 times per day, taken 30 minutes before meals.

Placebo group: The other group took dummy pills (placebo). Both groups also went on a high-fiber, low calorie diet. These were the results of the 12 week study, which was published in The Journal of The American Medical Association (a highly respected scientific journal): Heymsfield, et al.


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Download the Writing Roundabout eBook to understand the challenges involved in planning, drafting, revising, and editing your academic writing. Citations As an academic writer, you must document all of the sources of information that you include in your papers, presentations, and any other projects.

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As the name author–date system implies, APA Style in-text citations include the author and date, either both inside parentheses or with the author names in running text and the date in parentheses. Here are two examples: After the intervention, children increased in the number of books read per.

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A citation number, used in some citation systems, is a number or symbol added inline and usually in superscript, to refer readers to a footnote or endnote that cites the source. In other citation systems, an inline parenthetical reference is used rather than a citation number, with limited information such as the author’s last name, year of. MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.

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In-Text Citation Guide What are in-text citations? An in-text citation is a citation within your writing to show where you found your information, facts, quotes, and research. APA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the .