Research Methodology is a way to find out the result of a given problem on a specific matter or problem that is also referred as research problem. Different sources use different type of methods for solving the problem.
Industrial Research Institute, In Research Methodology, researcher always tries to search the given question systematically in our own way and find out all the answers till conclusion. If research does not work systematically on problem, there would be less possibility to find out the final result.
For finding or exploring research questions, a researcher faces lot of problems that can be effectively resolved with using correct research methodology Industrial Research Institute, References Industrial Research Institute Research management. Juta and Company Ltd. The Romance of Research. I will right away seize your rss as I can not in finding your e-mail subscription link or newsletter service.
Please let me understand so that I may subscribe. Okay post, but not the best Ive seen exactly. If it is a sunny day, chances are that the temperature will be higher than if it's cloudy. Another thing that can make the temperature change is whether something has been done to manipulate the temperature, like lighting a fire in the chimney. In research, you typically define variables according to what you're measuring.
The independent variable is the variable which the researcher would like to measure the cause , while the dependent variable is the effect or assumed effect , dependent on the independent variable. These variables are often stated in experimental research , in a hypothesis , e. In explorative research methodology, e. They might not be stated because the researcher does not have a clear idea yet on what is really going on. Confounding variables are variables with a significant effect on the dependent variable that the researcher failed to control or eliminate - sometimes because the researcher is not aware of the effect of the confounding variable.
The key is to identify possible confounding variables and somehow try to eliminate or control them. Operationalization is to take a fuzzy concept conceptual variables , such as ' helping behavior ', and try to measure it by specific observations, e. The selection of the research method is crucial for what conclusions you can make about a phenomenon. It affects what you can say about the cause and factors influencing the phenomenon.
It is also important to choose a research method which is within the limits of what the researcher can do. Time, money, feasibility, ethics and availability to measure the phenomenon correctly are examples of issues constraining the research. Choosing the scientific measurements are also crucial for getting the correct conclusion. Some measurements might not reflect the real world, because they do not measure the phenomenon as it should.
To test a hypothesis , quantitative research uses significance tests to determine which hypothesis is right. The significance test can show whether the null hypothesis is more likely correct than the research hypothesis.
Research methodology in a number of areas like social sciences depends heavily on significance tests. A significance test may even drive the research process in a whole new direction, based on the findings. The t-test also called the Student's T-Test is one of many statistical significance tests, which compares two supposedly equal sets of data to see if they really are alike or not. The t-test helps the researcher conclude whether a hypothesis is supported or not. Drawing a conclusion is based on several factors of the research process, not just because the researcher got the expected result.
It has to be based on the validity and reliability of the measurement, how good the measurement was to reflect the real world and what more could have affected the results. Anyone should be able to check the observation and logic, to see if they also reach the same conclusions.
Errors of the observations may stem from measurement-problems, misinterpretations, unlikely random events etc. A common error is to think that correlation implies a causal relationship.
Instead, it acts as a way to identify areas for further research and study. Mary Dowd is a dean of students who holds a doctorate in educational leadership from Minnesota State Mankato.
She enjoys teaching, writing and advising students on how to succeed in college. Her writing experience includes published research, training materials and hundreds of practical online articles. The database based on Word Net is a lexical database for the English Language.
Student working on laptop while lying on grass field. Identify Your Research Paradigm Specify whether you used a quantitative approach to measure data, a qualitative approach to describe phenomenon or both methods to frame your study. Describe Data Collection Procedures Indicate how you collected original data or retrieved archival information.
Discuss Data Analysis Summarize the strategies used to analyze empirical data or make meaning out of subjective reports gathered during the course of the study. Note Potential Limitations Disclose any weaknesses in the study that might have confounded the results. About the Author Mary Dowd is a dean of students who holds a doctorate in educational leadership from Minnesota State Mankato.
Accessed 14 September
Why should I learn Research Methodology? From initiation of a research idea to the ultimate culmination in publication there are many segments; initiation of a research idea, thorough literature search, formulation of a research question, proper study design, possible source of funding, conduction of research, analysis of data obtained, proper .
Module 6: The Importance of Research Study Implications. The purpose of research is to inform action. Thus, your study should seek to contextualize its findings within the larger body of research. Research must always be of high quality in order to produce knowledge that is applicable outside of the research setting.
Why do you need a methodology? If you are doing research then you have a methodology even if you do not state it. The question is more about why you should write up your methodology in your research proposal and why you should write about it in any subsequent report once the research is completed. Choosing appropriate research methodologies It is vital you pick approach research methodologies and methods for your thesis - your research after all is what your whole dissertation will rest on. Choosing qualitative or quantitative research methodologies.
Research methodology in a number of areas like social sciences depends heavily on significance tests. A significance test may even drive the research process in a whole new direction, based on the findings. Research methods can be used alone to solve a problem, or explore a question as part of a piece of work. They can also be a key part of writing a thesis or dissertation. For more about this, see our section on Writing a Dissertation, and particularly Writing Your Methodology.